A Brief Introduction to Machine Learning for Engineers

A Brief Introduction to Machine Learning for Engineers PDF free

Book Description:

This monograph aims to provide an introduction to the key concepts, algorithms and theoretical outcomes of machine learning. Treatment focuses on probabilistic models for supervised and unsupervised learning disorders. It introduces basic concepts and algorithms that are based on first principles and exposes readers to more advanced topics with extensive hints on the material, within a framework of notation and mathematics. unified learning. The material is organized into well-defined categories, such as discriminating and synthetic models, regularism and Bayesian approaches, exact and approximate inference, and direct and undirected models. This monograph is intended to be a contribution to researchers with technical training in probability and linear algebra.

Table of contents :

I. Basics
1. Introduction
1.1 What is Machine Learning?
1.2 When to Use Machine Learning?
1.3 Goals and Outline
2. A Gentle Introduction through Linear Regression
2.1 Supervised Learning
2.2 Inference
2.3 Frequentist Approach
2.4 Bayesian Approach
2.5 Minimum Description Length (MDL)
2.6 Information-Theoretic Metrics
2.7 Interpretation and Causality
2.8 Summary
3. Probabilistic Models for Learning
3.1 Preliminaries
3.2 The Exponential Family
3.3 Frequentist Learning
3.4 Bayesian Learning
3.5 Supervised Learning via Generalized Linear Models (GLM)
3.6 Maximum Entropy Property
3.7 Energy-based Models
3.8 Some Advanced Topics
3.9 Summary
II. Supervised Learning
4. Classification
4.1 Preliminaries: Stochastic Gradient Descent
4.2 Classification as a Supervised Learning Problem
4.3 Discriminative Deterministic Models
4.4 Discriminative Probabilistic Models: Generalized Linear Models
4.5 Discriminative Probabilistic Models: Beyond GLM
4.6 Generative Probabilistic Models
4.7 Boosting
4.8 Summary
5. Statistical Learning Theory
5.1 A Formal Framework for Supervised Learning
5.2 PAC Learnability and Sample Complexity
5.3 PAC Learnability for Finite Hypothesis Classes
5.4 VC Dimension and Fundamental Theorem of PAC Learning
5.5 Summary
III. Unsupervised Learning
6. Unsupervised Learning
6.1 Unsupervised Learning
6.2 K-Means Clustering
6.3 ML, ELBO and EM
6.4 Directed Generative Models
6.5 Undirected Generative Models
6.6 Discriminative Models
6.7 Autoencoders
6.8 Ranking
6.9 Summary
IV. Advanced Modelling and Inference
7. Probabilistic Graphical Models
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Bayesian Networks
7.3 Markov Random Fields
7.4 Bayesian Inference in Probabilistic Graphical Models
7.5 Summary
8. Approximate Inference and Learning
8.1 Monte Carlo Methods
8.2 Variational Inference
8.3 Monte Carlo-Based Variational Inference
8.4 Approximate Learning
8.5 Summary
V. Conclusions
Appendices
A. Appendix A: Information Measures
A.1 Entropy
A.2 Conditional Entropy and Mutual Information
A.3 Divergence Measures
B. Appendix B: KL Divergence and Exponential Family
Acknowledgements
References

 

A Brief Introduction to Machine Learning for Engineers

Author(s): Osvaldo Simeone

Series: Foundations and Trends in Signal Processing

Publisher: Now Publishers, Year: 2018

ISBN: 168083472X, 9781680834727


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