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Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications by Carlos R. Cabrera and Felix A. Miranda
PREFACE to Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications
The e book titled Advanced Nanomaterials for Aerospace Applications has been developed for a group thinking about aerospace science and nanotechnology.
Scientists and engineers of the NASA-College Analysis Heart for Advanced Nanoscale Supplies (CANM) on the College of Puerto Rico and from the NASA John H. Glenn and Ames Analysis Facilities,
the George C. Marshall House Flight Heart, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pennsylvania State College, and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Italy, have joined efforts to current the functions of nanomaterials in sensors,
life help programs, regenerative gasoline cells, Li-ion batteries, strong light-weight supplies, nanoelectronics, and electromagnetic shielding.
The CANM on the College of Puerto Rico has been concerned within the improvement of those thrilling analysis areas in collaboration with NASA facilities for greater than 10 years.
A lot of the scientists and engineers who’ve been a part of the CANM are authors or co-authors of the chapters on this Ebook.
Their efforts and collaborations on the analysis, improvement, and functions of nanomaterials have superior a number of the know-how to increased NASA Expertise Readiness Ranges.
The end result of a few of these collaborations and interactions is summarized within the chapters of this e book to be shared with the aerospace and nanotechnology communities.
Chapters 1 and 2 are dedicated to sensor know-how. Chapter 1 presents an intensive overview of quite a lot of sensors being developed in help of NASA’s mission.
Amongst these are sensors for leak detection, high-temperature bodily state monitoring, emissions monitoring, fireplace and environmental detection, and radiation detection, amongst others.
Chapter 2 focuses on the challenges related to the fabrication and reproducibility of nanostructures into microsensors and microsensor programs.
It additionally discusses the characterization of the fundamental properties of nanowires, and the sensing mechanisms of nanostructures of various crystal buildings.
New sensor programs that may be enabled by nanotechnology are additionally mentioned. Chapters 3 and 4 current the usage of nanomaterials for life help system functions.
The chapters summarize the challenges confronted by the environmental management and life help system engineers and scientists in bettering the atmospheric revitalization and water reclamation subsystems at present utilized in house platforms such because the Worldwide House Station.
On this context, the chapters focus on the promising supplies developments which will allow options to deal with these challenges for human house exploration missions past low earth orbit.
These embrace waterrecycling programs in house platforms and the consequences of diminished gravity atmosphere on the efficiency of life help programs (Chapter 4).
Chapter 5 discusses the efficiency benefits of various nanostructured electroactive supplies, as in comparison with microstructured supplies, for the detrimental electrodes (i.e., anodes) of lithium-ion batteries.
Chapter 6 enhances Chapter 5 by discussing the advances within the design of high-energy cathode supplies for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.
Chapter 7 supplies insights on the usage of nanomaterials for renewable power functions, specifically the event of nanomaterials used as catalysts for gasoline cells and electrolyzers in regenerative gasoline cell programs for NASA functions.
Chapters 8, 9, and 10 current different areas of nanotechnology related for aerospace functions. Chapter 8 addresses the usage of nanotechnology for the event of nanoelectronic gadgets and functions.
The chapter supplies some examples of nanoelectronic gadgets and characterization methods, in addition to an evaluation of the usage of nanoelectronics in future NASA communication programs.
Chapters 9 and 10 focus on the usage of superior nanomaterials for electromagnetic shielding, a subject of utmost relevance for long-duration human presence in house.
Since one of many roles of the CANM initiative was the event of approaches and mechanisms to foster nanotechnology outreach and training, it appears applicable to incorporate on this e book a chapter on this most related subject material.
Accordingly, Chapter 11 discusses nanotechnology academic parts primarily based on superior nanomaterials for aerospace functions and the initiative carried out on this space as a part of the CANM academic and outreach efforts.
Lastly, Chapter 12 supplies an general NASA perspective on the long run traits in nanotechnology and discusses initiatives and mechanisms at present in place to facilitate the development of analysis and know-how improvement delineated by such traits.
There are various folks and organizations which have made this e book potential. Specifically, the editors wish to thank every of the authors of the chapters featured on this e book for their onerous work and excellent contributions.
We want to specific our gratitude to the scholars, colleagues, and officers of the College of Puerto Rico, who in some ways contributed to the work featured on this e book.
We wish to lengthen our gratitude to Ms. Katrina Emery, former venture director of the NASA College Analysis Facilities Program, for her help and encouragement all through the years.
We’re grateful to Ms. Kaprice L. Harris and Ms. Deborah A. Szczepinski (Stinger Ghaffarian Applied sciences, Inc.) of NASA Glenn Analysis Heart’s Workplace of the Chief Counsel, for their assist relating to compliance with authorities rules and insurance policies.
It’s our hope that this e book will fill the expectations of the reader and presents a possibility to be taught extra about superior nanomaterials for aerospace functions.
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