Home General Subjects Books Biology Books [PDF] Evolution of the Insects – D. Grimaldi, M. Engel

[PDF] Evolution of the Insects – D. Grimaldi, M. Engel

[PDF] Evolution of the Insects – D. Grimaldi, M. Engel[PDF] Evolution of the Insects – D. Grimaldi, M. Engel

[PDF] Evolution of the Insects – D. Grimaldi, M. Engel Table Of Contents

Cover Page......Page 1 Title: Evolution of the Insects......Page 4 ISBN 0521821495......Page 5 3. Arthropods and the Origin of Insects 93......Page 8 7. Polyneoptera 188......Page 9 11. Hymenoptera: Ants, Bees, and Other Wasps 407......Page 10 15. Epilogue 646......Page 11 PREFACE......Page 12 COMMONLY USED ABBREVIATIONS......Page 15 INTRODUCTION......Page 16 SPECIES: THEIR NATURE AND NUMBER......Page 21 RECONSTRUCTING EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY......Page 30 INSECT FOSSILIZATION......Page 57 DATING AND AGES......Page 77 MAJOR FOSSIL INSECT DEPOSITS......Page 80 3 Arthropods and the Origin of Insects......Page 108 ONYCHOPHORA: THE VELVET WORMS......Page 109 TARDIGRADA: THE WATER BEARS......Page 111 ARTHROPODA: THE JOINTED ANIMALS......Page 112 HEXAPODA: THE SIX-LEGGED ARTHROPODS......Page 126 MORPHOLOGY OF INSECTS......Page 134 RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE INSECT ORDERS......Page 152 ARCHAEOGNATHA: THE BRISTLETAILS......Page 163 ZYGENTOMA: THE SILVERFISH......Page 165 6 Insects Take to the Skies......Page 170 EPHEMEROPTERA: THE MAYFLIES......Page 175 METAPTERYGOTA......Page 181 PALAEODICTYOPTERIDA: EXTINCT BEAKED INSECTS......Page 183 ODONATOPTERA: DRAGONFLIES AND EARLY RELATIVES......Page 188 NEOPTERA......Page 203 WHAT ARE POLYNEOPTERA?......Page 204 PLECOPTERA: THE STONEFLIES......Page 209 EMBIODEA1: THE WEBSPINNERS......Page 211 ZORAPTERA: THE ZORAPTERANS......Page 214 ORTHOPTERA: THE CRICKETS, KATYDIDS, GRASSHOPPERS, WETAS, AND KIN......Page 217 PHASMATODEA2: THE STICK AND LEAF INSECTS......Page 226 TITANOPTERA: THE TITANIC CRAWLERS......Page 230 DERMAPTERA: THE EARWIGS......Page 232 GRYLLOBLATTODEA: THE ICE CRAWLERS......Page 237 MANTOPHASMATODEA: THE AFRICAN ROCK CRAWLERS......Page 239 DICTYOPTERA......Page 242 PSOCOPTERA: THE BARK LICE......Page 276 PHTHIRAPTERA: THE TRUE LICE......Page 287 FRINGE WINGS: THYSANOPTERA (THRIPS)......Page 295 THE SUCKING INSECTS: HEMIPTERA......Page 302 PROBLEMATIC FOSSIL ORDERS......Page 346 THE ORIGINS OF COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS......Page 348 ON WINGS OF LACE: NEUROPTERIDA......Page 350 10 Coleoptera and Strepsiptera......Page 372 EARLY FOSSILS AND OVERVIEW OF PAST DIVERSITY......Page 375 ARCHOSTEMATA......Page 378 ADEPHAGA......Page 381 MYXOPHAGA......Page 385 POLYPHAGA......Page 386 STREPSIPTERA: THE ENIGMATIC ORDER......Page 414 11 Hymenoptera: Ants, Bees, and Other Wasps......Page 422 THE EUHYMENOPTERA AND PARASITISM......Page 428 ACULEATA......Page 444 EVOLUTION OF INSECT SOCIALITY......Page 479 ANTLIOPHORA: THE SCORPIONFLIES, TRUE FLIES, AND FLEAS......Page 483 MECOPTERIDA: MECOPTERANS AND SIPHONAPTERA......Page 485 DIPTERA: THE TRUE FLIES......Page 506 TRICHOPTERA: THE CADDISFLIES......Page 563 LEPIDOPTERA: THE MOTHS AND BUTTERFLIES......Page 570 THE CRETACEOUS......Page 622 THE TERTIARY......Page 652 WHY SO MANY INSECT SPECIES?......Page 661 THE FUTURE......Page 662 GLOSSARY......Page 666 REFERENCES......Page 677

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Book Description:

This book chronicles the complete evolutionary history of insects–their living diversity and relationships as well as 400 million years of fossils. Introductory sections cover the living species diversity of insects, methods of reconstructing evolutionary relationships, basic insect structure, and the diverse modes of insect fossilization and major fossil deposits. Major sections then explore the relationships and evolution of each order of hexapods. The volume also chronicles major episodes in the evolutionary history of insects from their modest beginnings in the Devonian and the origin of wings hundreds of millions of years before pterosaurs and birds to the impact of mass extinctions and the explosive radiation of angiosperms on insects, and how they evolved into the most complex societies in nature. Whereas other volumes focus on either living species or fossils, this is the first comprehensive synthesis of all aspects of insect evolution. Illustrated with 955 photo- and electron- micrographs, drawings, diagrams, and field photos, many in full color and virtually all of them original, this reference will appeal to anyone engaged with insect diversity–professional entomologists and students, insect and fossil collectors, and naturalists. David Grimaldi and Michael S. Engel have collectively published over 200 scientific articles and monographs on the relationships and fossil record of insects, including 10 articles in the journals Science, Nature, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. David Grimaldi is curator in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History and adjunct professor at Cornell University, Columbia University, and the City University of New York. David Grimaldi has traveled in 40 countries on 6 continents, collecting and studying recent species of insects and conducting fossil excavations. He is the author of Amber: Window to the Past (Abrams, 2003). Michael S. Engel is an assistant professor in the Division of Entomology at the University of Kansas; assistant curator at the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas; research associate of the American Museum of Natural History; and fellow of the Linnean Society of London. Engel has visited numerous countries for entomological and paleontological studies, doing most of his fieldwork in Central Asia, Asia Minor, and the Western Hemisphere.

 

Evolution of the Insects PDF

Author(s): David Grimaldi, Michael S. Engel

Series: Cambridge Evolution Series

Publisher: Cambridge University Press, Year: 2005

ISBN: 9780521821490

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