Foraging, Behavior and Ecology – D. Stephens (Chicago, 2007)

foraging behavior and ecology,the foraging behaviour and ecology of animal-eating bats,ecology of foraging behaviour
Foraging is fundamental to animal survival and reproduction, yet it is much more than a simple matter of finding food; it is a biological imperative. Animals must find and consume resources to succeed, and they make extraordinary efforts to do so. For instance, pythons rarely eat, but when they do, their meals are large—as much as 60 percent larger than their own bodies. The snake’s digestive system is normally dormant, but during digestion metabolic rates can increase fortyfold. A python digesting quietly on the forest floor has the metabolic rate of thoroughbred in a dead heat. This and related foraging processes have broad applications in ecology, cognitive science, anthropology, and conservation biology—and they can be further extrapolated in economics, neurobiology, and computer science.
Foraging is the first comprehensive review of the topic in more than twenty years. A monumental undertaking, this volume brings together twenty-two experts from throughout the field to offer the latest on the mechanics of foraging, modern foraging theory, and foraging ecology. The fourteen essays cover all the relevant issues, including cognition, individual behavior, caching behavior, parental behavior, antipredator behavior, social behavior, population and community ecology, herbivory, and conservation. Considering a wide range of taxa, from birds to mammals to amphibians, Foraging will be the definitive guide to the field.
Table of Contents
Foreword
John Krebs and Alex Kacelnik
Acknowledgments
1 Foraging: An Overview
 Ronald C. Ydenberg, Joel S. Brown, and David W. Stephens
 Box 1.1 Prehistory: Before Foraging Met Danger
   Peter A. Bednekoff
 Box 1.2 Diving and Foraging by the Common Eider
   Colin W. Clark
 Box 1.3 A Two-Player, Symmetric, Matrix Game
 Box 1.4 A Two-Player Continuous Game
Part I Foraging and Information Processing
2 Models of Information Use
 David W. Stephens
3 Neuroethology of Foraging
 David F. Sherry and John B. Mitchell
 Box 3.1 Glossary
 Box 3.2 A Nobel Prize in the Molecular Basis of Memory
 Box 3.3 Neural Mechanisms of Reward
   Peter Shizgal
4 Cognition for Foraging
 Melissa M. Adams-Hunt and Lucia F. Jacobs
 Box 4.1 Learning in the Laboratory
Part II Processing, Herbivory, and Storage
5 Food Acquisition, Processing, and Digestions
 Christopher J. Whelan and Kenneth A. Schmidt
 Box 5.1 Modeling Digestive Modulation in an Ecological Framework
   Christopher J. Whelan
 Box 5.2 More than a Matter of Taste
   Frederick D. Provenza
6 Herbivory
 Jonathan Newman
 Box 6.1 Herbivory versus Carnivory: Different Means for Similar Ends
   David Raubenheimer
 Box 6.2 Animal Farm: Food Provisioning and Abnormal Oral Behaviors in Captive Herbivores
   Georgia Mason
7 Energy Storage and Expenditure
 Anders Brodin and Colin W. Clark
 Box 7.1 Neuroendocrine Mechanisms of Energy Regulation in Mammals
   Stephen C. Woods and Thomas W. Castonguay
 Box 7.2 Energy Stores in Migrating Birds
   Åke Lindström
 Box 7.3 What Current Models Can and Cannot Tell Us about Adaptive Energy Storage
   Alasdair Houston and John McNamara
Part III Modern Foraging Theory
8 Provisioning
 Ronald C. Ydenberg
 Box 8.1 Effects of Social Interactions at Resource Points on Provisioning Tactics
 Box 8.2 Provisioning and Spatial Patterns of Resource Exploitation
 Box 8.3 Variance-Sensitive Provisioning
9 Foraging in the Face of Danger
 Peter A. Bednekoff
 Box 9.1 Allocation of Foraging Effort when Danger Varies over Time
 Box 9.2 Three Models of Information Flow in Groups
10 Foraging with Others: Games Social Foragers Play
 Thomas A. Waite and Kristin L. Field
 Box 10.1 The Ideal Free Distribution
   Ian M. Hamilton
 Box 10.2 Genetic Relatedness and Group Size
 Box 10.3 The Rate-Maximizing Producer-Scrounger Game
Part IV Foraging Ecology
11 Foraging and Population Dynamics
 Robert D. Holt and Tristan Kimbrell
 Box 11.1 Basic Concepts in Population Dynamics
12 Community Ecology
 Burt P. Kotler and Joel S. Brown
 Box 12.1 Isolegs and Isodars
13 Foraging and the Ecology of Fear
 Joel S. Brown and Burt P. Kotler
 Box 13.1 Stress Hormones and the Predation-Starvation Trade-off
   Vladimir V. Pravosudov
 Box 13.2 Giving-up Densities
   Joel S. Brown
14 On Foraging Theory, Humans, and the Conservation of Diversity: A Prospectus
 Michael L. Rosenzweig
Contributors
Literature Cited
Index