Marine Biotechnology in the 21st Century – Nrc

marine biotechnology in the twenty-first century problems promise and products,marine biotechnology in the 21st century
Dramatic developments in understanding the fundamental underpinnings of life have provided exciting opportunities to make marine bioproducts an important part of the U.S. economy. Several marine based pharmaceuticals are under active commercial development, ecosystem health is high on the public’s list of concerns, and aquaculture is providing an ever greater proportion of the seafood on our tables. Nevertheless, marine biotechnology has not yet caught the public’s, or investor’s, attention. Two workshops, held in October 1999 and November 2001 at the National Academies, were successful in highlighting new developments and opportunities in environmental and biomedical applications of marine biotechnology, and also in identifying factors that are impeding commercial exploitation of these products. This report includes a synthesis of the 2001 sessions addressing drug discovery and development, applications of genomics and proteomics to marine biotechnology, biomaterials and bioengineering, and public policy and essays contributed by the workshop speakers.
Table of Contents
Front Matteri-xii
Executive Summary1-2
Biomedical Applicaions of Marine Natural Products: Overview of the 2001 Workshop3-28
Environmental Aspects of Marine Biotechnology: Overview of the 1999 Workshop29-36
Keynote Address37-44
Session 1: Drug Discovery and Development45-64
Session 2: Genomics and Proteomics65-68
Session 3: Biomaterials and Bioengineering69-86
Session 4: Public Policy, Partnerships, and Outreach87-100
Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches101-105
Appendix B: National Research Council Project Oversight Boards106-108
Appendix C: 2001 Marine Biotechnology Workshop: Biomedical Applications of Marine Natural Products – Agenda109-113
Appendix D: 2001 Marine Biotechnology Workshop: Biomedical Applications of Marine Natural Products – Participants114-115
Appendix E: 1999 Marine Biotechnology Workshop: Opportunities for Advancement of Environmental Marine Biotechnology – Participants 116-118