### Thermodynamics and Heat Powered Cycles

### thermodynamics and heat powered cycles a cognitive engineering approach

**Authors:** Chih Wu (U S Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD)

**Book Description:**

Due to the rapid advances in computer technology, intelligent computer software and multimedia have become essential parts of engineering education. Software integration with various media such as graphics, sound, video and animation is providing efficient tools for teaching and learning. A modern textbook should contain both the basic theory and principles, along with an updated pedagogy.

**PaperBook:Thermodynamics And Heat Powered Cycles: A Cognitive Engineering Approach**

**Table of Contents:**

Preface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1 – BASIC CONCEPTS; pp. 1-29

1.1 – Thermodynamics

1.2 – Basic laws

1.3 – Why study thermodynamics

1.4 – Dimensions and units

1.5 – Systems

1.6 – Properties of a system

1.7 – Equilibrium state

1.8 – Processes and cycles

1.9 – CyclePad

1.10 – Summary

Chapter 2 – PROPERTIES OF THERMODYNAMIC SUBSTANCES; pp. 31-70

2.1 – Thermodynamic substances

2.2 – Pure substances

2.3 – Ideal gases

2.4 – Real gas

2.5 – Liquids and solids

2.5 – Summary

Chapter 3 – FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR CLOSED SYSTEMS;

pp. 71-108

3.1 – Introduction

3.2 – Work

3.3 – Heat

3.4 – First law of thermodynamics for closed systems

3.5 – First law of thermodynamics for closed systems apply to cycles CyclePad closed system devices and processes

3.6 – Various processes for closed systems

3.7 – Multi-process for closed systems

3.8 – Summary

Chapter 4 – FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR OPEN SYSTEMS;

pp. 109-156

4.1 – Introduction

4.2 – Conservation of mass

4.3 – First law of thermodynamics for open systems

4.4 – Various processes and devices for open systems

4.5 – Other devices (unable to use CyclePad)

4.6 – Multi-process and multi-device for open systems

4.7 – Summary

Chapter 5 – SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS; pp. 157-178

5.1 – Introduction

5.2 – Definitions

5.3 – Second law statements

5.4 – Reversible and irreversible processes

5.5 – Carnot cycle

5.6 – Carnot corollaries

5.7 – Thermodynamic temperature scale

5.8 – Summary

Chapter 6 – ENTROPY; pp. 179-226

6.1 – Clausius inequality

6.2 – Entropy and heat

6.3 – Heat and work as areas

6.4 – Entropy and Carnot cycles

6.5 – Second law of thermodynamics

6.6 – Second law of thermodynamics for open systems

6.7 – Property relationships

6.8 – Isentropic processes

6.9 – Isentropic efficiency

6.10 – Entropy change of irreversible processes

6.11 – The increase of entropy principle

6.12 – Second law efficiency and effectiveness of cycles

6.13 – Available and unavailable energy

6.14 – Summary

Chapter 7 – EXERGY AND IRREVERSIBILITY; pp. 227-268

7.1 – Introduction

7.2 – Reversible and irreversible work

7.3 – Reversible work of a closed system

7.4 – Reversible work of an open system

7.5 – Reversible work of an open system in a steady flow process

7.6 – Irreversibility of a closed system

7.7 – Irreversibility of an open system

7.8 – Exergy (Availability)

7.9 – Exergy of a heat reservoir

7.10 – Exergy and exergy change of a closed system

7.11 – Exergy of a flow stream and flow exergy change of an open system

7.12 – The decrease of exergy principle

7.13 – Exergy effectiveness of devices

7.14 – Exergy cycle efficiency

7.15 – Summary

Chapter 8 – VAPOR CYCLES; pp. 269-354

8.1 – Carnot vapor cycle

8.2 – Basic Rankine cycle

8.3 – Improvements to Rankine cycle

8.4 – Actual Rankine cycle

8.5 – Reheat Rankine cycle

8.6 – Regenerative Rankine cycle

8.7 – Low temperature Rankine cycle

8.8 – Solar heat engine

8.9 – Geothermal heat engine

8.10 – OTEC (Ocean thermal energy conversion)

8.11 – Solar pond

8.12 – Waste heat engine

8.13 – Vapor cycle working fluids

8.14 – Kalina vapor cycle

8.15 – Non-azetropic mixture Rankine cycle

8.16 – Super-critical cycle

8.17 – Design examples

8.18 – Summary

Chapter 9 – GAS CLOSED SYSTEM CYCLES; pp. 355-424

9.1 – Otto cycle

9.2 – Diesel cycle

9.3 – Atkinson cycle

9.4 – Dual cycle

9.5 – Lenoir cycle

9.6 – Stirling cycle

9.7 – Miller cycle

9.8 – Wicks cycle

9.9 – Rallis cycle

9.10 – Design examples

9.11 – Summary

Chapter 10 – GAS OPEN SYSTEM CYCLES; pp. 425-480

10.1 – Brayton or Joule cycle

10.2 – Split-shaft gas turbine cycle

10.3 – Improvement to Brayton cycle

10.4 – Reheat and intercool Brayton cycle

10.5 – Regenerative Brayton cycle

10.6 – Bleed air Brayton cycle

10.7 – Feher cycle

10.8 – Ericsson cycle

10.9 – Braysson cycle

10.10 – Steam injection gas turbine cycle

10.11 – Field cycle

10.12 – Wicks cycle

10.13 – Ice cycle

10.14 – Design examples

10.15 – Summary

Chapter 11 – COMBINED CYCLE AND COGENERATION; pp. 481-528

11.1 – Combined cycle

11.2 – Triple cycle in series

11.3 – Triple cycle in parallel

11.4 – Cascaded cycle

11.5 – Brayton/Rankine combined cycle

11.6 – Brayton/Brayton combined cycle

11.7 – Rankine/Rankine combined cycle

11.8 – Field cycle

11.9 – Cogeneration

11.10 – Design examples

11.11 – Summary

Chapter 12 – REFRIGERATION AND HEAT PUMP OPEN SYSTEM CYCLES;

pp. 529-586

12.1 – Carnot refrigeration and heat pump cycle

12.2 – Basic vapor refrigeration cycle

12.3 – Actual vapor refrigeration cycle

12.4 – Basic vapor heat pump cycle

12.5 – Actual vapor heat pump cycle

12.6 – Refrigerants

12.7 – Cascade and multi-stage vapor refrigeration cycles

12.8 – Domestic refrigerator-freezer and air conditioning-heat pump systems

12.9 – Absorption air-conditioning

12.10 – Brayton gas refrigeration cycle

12.11 – Stirling refrigeration cycle

12.12 – Ericsson refrigeration cycle

12.13 – Liquefaction of gases

12.14 – Non-azeotropic mixture refrigeration cycle

12.15 – Design examples

12.16 – Summary

Chapter 13 – FINITE-TIME THERMODYNAMICS; pp. 587-650

13.1 – Introduction

13.2 – Heat transfer

13.3 – Heat exchanger

13.4 – Curzon and Ahlborn (Endoreversible Carnot) cycle

13.5 – Curzon and Ahlborn cycle with finite heat capacity heat source and sink

13.6 – Finite time Rankine cycle with infinitely large heat reservoirs

13.7 – Actual Rankine cycle with infinitely large heat reservoirs

13.8 – Ideal Rankine cycle with finite capacity heat reservoirs

13.9 – Actual Rankine cycle with finite capacity heat reservoirs

13.10 – Finite time Brayton cycle

13.11 – Actual Brayton finite time cycle

13.12 – Other finite time cycles

13.13 – Summary