Glossary of Biotechnology Terms, Third Edition – Kimball Nill

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As a result of biotechnology becoming such a highly prolific area, non-technical people, such as lobbyists, attorneys, marketing, and public relations people, have had to quickly become conversant about a topic that is highly technical. In addition, various specialists working in the field of biotechnology, including chemists, geneticists, and biologists, occasionally have difficulty in understanding the terms utilized by each other in their respective specialties. It is, therefore, necessary to have a book to which you can refer so everyone can clearly discuss the topics in biotechnology.

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This text provides concise definitions of terms for persons unfamiliar with biotechnology, and clarifies new terms and how they are being used for those who are already somewhat conversant in the area. The Glossary of Biotechnology Terms is a handy reference for people with little or no training in the biological and chemical sciences because it has been written in non-technical language and serves to bring you up to date on biotechnology terminology to provide for more effective communication. The definitions are written utilizing words that enable you to conceptualize the idea embodied in the term and explanations are based on analogy whenever possible. Written to assist those individuals who seek to gain an understanding of the terminology as it is currently used, the Glossary of Biotechnology Terms, Third Edition is compulsory for anyone involved in the biotechnology field or anyone who deals with professionals in biotechnology.

 

Glossary of Biotechnology and Agrobiotechnology Terms PDF

Author(s): Kimball R. Nill

Publisher: CRC Press, Year: 2017

ISBN: 978-1-4987-5820-8

 

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[PDF] Glossary of Biotechnology Terms, Third Edition – Kimball Nill Book Details

GLOSSARY OF BIOTECHNOLOGY TERMS……Page 1
Preface……Page 4
Author……Page 5
Absorbance (A)……Page 6
ACE Inhibitors……Page 7
Activation Energy……Page 8
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)……Page 9
Adjuvant (to a herbicide)……Page 10
Affinity Chromatography……Page 11
Agraceutical……Page 12
Allelic Exclusion……Page 13
Alpha Amylase Inhibitor-1……Page 14
American Society for Biotechnology (ASB)……Page 15
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism……Page 16
Analogue……Page 17
Anthocyanins……Page 18
Antibiotic Resistance……Page 19
Antibody Af.nity Chromatography……Page 20
Antithrombogenous Polymers……Page 21
Aptamers……Page 22
Armyworm……Page 23
Astaxanthin……Page 24
Attenuated (pathogens)……Page 25
Auxotroph……Page 26
Azurophil- Derived Bactericidal Factor (ADBF)……Page 27
BAC……Page 28
Bacteriology……Page 29
Barnase……Page 30
BESS Method……Page 31
Bifidobacteria……Page 32
Biochip……Page 33
Biocide……Page 34
Bioleaching……Page 35
Biomimetic Materials……Page 36
Bioseeds……Page 37
Biosensors (electronic)……Page 38
Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO)……Page 39
Boletic Acid……Page 40
BtR-4 Gene……Page 41
BXN Gene……Page 42
Cadherins……Page 43
Canavanine……Page 44
Carbohydrate Engineering……Page 45
Cassette……Page 46
Catalytic Antibody……Page 47
CD95 Protein……Page 48
Cell Fusion……Page 49
Central Dogma (new)……Page 50
Chaperones……Page 51
Chemotherapy……Page 52
Chloroplast Transit Peptide (CTP)……Page 53
Choline……Page 54
Cilia……Page 55
Citric Acid……Page 56
Co-chaperonin……Page 57
Cold Hardening……Page 58
Combinatorial Chemistry……Page 59
Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products (CPMP)……Page 60
Complementary DNA (cDNA)……Page 61
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)……Page 62
Constitutive Genes……Page 63
Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology……Page 64
Corn Rootworm……Page 65
CP4 EPSPS……Page 66
CryX Protein……Page 67
Cyclooxygenase……Page 68
Cytochrome……Page 69
Cytoplasmic DNA……Page 70
Cytotoxic T Cells……Page 71
Dehydrogenases……Page 72
Dendrites……Page 73
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)……Page 74
Dialysis……Page 75
Diversity Biotechnology Consortium……Page 76
DNA Polymerase……Page 77
Docosahexanoic Acid (DHA)……Page 78
Duplex……Page 79
Effector……Page 80
Electron Microscopy (EM)……Page 81
Embryo Rescue……Page 82
Endocytosis……Page 83
Endosperm……Page 84
Enoyl-acyl Protein Reductase……Page 85
Enzyme Repression……Page 86
EPSP Synthase……Page 87
Erythropoietin (EPO)……Page 88
Eugenics……Page 89
European Patent Of.ce (EPO)……Page 90
Exotoxin……Page 91
Extremophilic Bacteria……Page 92
Extremozymes……Page 93
Fats……Page 94
Fatty Acid Synthetase……Page 95
Ferrobacteria……Page 96
Fibroblasts……Page 97
Flavonoids……Page 98
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)……Page 99
FOSHU……Page 100
Fumonisins……Page 101
Fusaric Acids……Page 102
Fusogenic Agent……Page 103
Futile Cycle……Page 104
Gamma Globulin……Page 105
Gene Ampli.cation……Page 106
Gene Expression Analysis……Page 107
Gene Function Analysis……Page 108
Gene Repair (natural)……Page 109
Genetic Engineering……Page 110
Genetically Modified Organism ( GMO)……Page 111
Genomic Sciences……Page 112
Gentechnik Gesetz (Gene Technology Law)……Page 113
Glucagon……Page 114
Glucosinolates……Page 115
Glycitin……Page 116
Glycosinolates……Page 117
GMP Guanylate……Page 118
Good Laboratory Practice for Nonclinical Studies (GLPNC)……Page 119
Gram Molecular Weight……Page 120
GRAS List……Page 121
GUS Gene……Page 122
Gut-Associated Lymphoid Tissues (GALT)……Page 123
Hapten……Page 124
Heavy-Chain Variable (VH) Domains……Page 125
Hematopoietic Growth Factors……Page 126
Herbicide-Tolerant Crop……Page 127
Heterotroph……Page 128
High-Laurate Canola……Page 129
High-Stearate Canola……Page 130
High-Throughput Screening (HTS)……Page 131
Homeobox……Page 132
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin……Page 133
Human Superoxide Dismutase (hSOD)……Page 134
Hybridization Surfaces……Page 135
Hydrophobic……Page 136
Hypothalamus……Page 137
Immunoconjugate……Page 138
In Silico Screening……Page 139
Indian Department of Biotechnology……Page 140
Insulin……Page 141
Interferons……Page 142
Interleukin-6 (IL-6)……Page 143
International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)……Page 144
Ion Channels……Page 145
Isoflavones……Page 146
ISPM……Page 147
Junk DNA……Page 148
Kunitz Trypsin Inhibitor (TI)……Page 149
Lathyrism……Page 150
Lecithin (re.ned, speci.c)……Page 151
Leukotrienes……Page 152
Lignocellulose……Page 153
Lipid Bilayer……Page 154
Lipoxygenase (LOX)……Page 155
Low-Phytate Corn……Page 156
Low-Tillage Crop Production……Page 157
Lutein……Page 158
Lysis……Page 159
Lytic Infection……Page 160
Magainins……Page 161
Mammalian Cell Culture……Page 162
Marker Assisted Selection……Page 163
Mega-Yeast Artificial Chromosomes (mega YAC)……Page 164
mEPSPS……Page 165
Metabolic Engineering……Page 166
Methyl Salicylate……Page 167
Microarray (testing)……Page 168
Microsatellite DNA……Page 169
Mitogen……Page 170
Molecular Diversity……Page 171
Monocytes……Page 172
MUFA……Page 173
Mutation……Page 174
Myristoylation……Page 175
Naked Gene……Page 176
Nanocrystal Molecules……Page 177
Nanotechnology……Page 178
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)……Page 179
Nested PCR……Page 180
Nitrates……Page 181
Nitrites……Page 182
Nodulation……Page 183
NOS Terminator……Page 184
Nucleophilic Group……Page 185
Nutrient Enhanced™……Page 186
Nutrigenomics……Page 187
Oleic Acid……Page 188
Oncogenes……Page 189
Optimum Temperature……Page 190
Orphan Drug……Page 191
Osteoinductive Factor (OIF)……Page 192
Oxidative Stress……Page 193
Oxygenase……Page 194
p53 Protein……Page 195
Particle Cannon……Page 196
PBR……Page 197
Pentose……Page 198
Peroxidase……Page 199
Pharmacogenetics……Page 200
Pharmacokinetics……Page 201
Phenotype……Page 202
Phosphodiesterases……Page 203
Phylogenetic Constraint……Page 204
Phytochemicals……Page 205
Phytosterols……Page 206
Plant Hormone……Page 207
Plasma……Page 208
Platelet- Derived Wound Healing Factor (PDWHF)……Page 209
Polarity (genetic)……Page 210
Polygalacturonase (PG)……Page 211
Polymerase……Page 212
Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes ( PMN)……Page 213
Porcine Somatotropin (PST)……Page 214
Post-Transcriptional Processing (Modification) of RNAs……Page 215
Primer (DNA)……Page 216
Prokaryotes……Page 217
Protease……Page 218
Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Acid Scoring (PDCAAS)……Page 219
Protein Microarrays……Page 220
Proteome Chip……Page 221
Protoplast……Page 222
Pyrophosphate Cleavage……Page 223
Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids……Page 224
Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL)……Page 225
Quick-Stop……Page 226
Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Technique……Page 227
Rational Drug Design……Page 228
Receptors……Page 229
Recombination……Page 230
Regulatory Enzyme……Page 231
Remediation……Page 232
Reporter Gene……Page 233
Restriction Endonucleases……Page 234
Reverse Micelle (RM)……Page 235
Ribose……Page 236
Rosemarinic Acid……Page 237
Rusts……Page 238
Sam-K Gene……Page 239
Saturated Fatty Acids (SAFA)……Page 240
Self-Assembly (of a large molecular structure)……Page 241
Sequence (of a protein molecule)……Page 242
Serotonin……Page 243
Signal Transduction……Page 244
Single-Cell Protein (SCP)……Page 245
Sitostanol……Page 246
Somatacrin……Page 247
Soy Protein……Page 248
Soybean Plant……Page 249
SPS……Page 250
Stearate (stearic acid)……Page 251
Steric Hindrance……Page 252
Stigmasterol……Page 253
Substance P……Page 254
Supercritical Carbon Dioxide……Page 255
Surfactant……Page 256
Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR)……Page 257
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome……Page 258
Taq DNA Polymerase……Page 259
Taxol……Page 260
Template……Page 261
Thrombin……Page 262
Tissue Culture……Page 263
Tomato……Page 264
Tracer……Page 265
Transcription……Page 266
Transcriptome……Page 267
Transforming Growth Factor-Alpha (TGFalpha)……Page 268
Translation……Page 269
Trehalose……Page 270
Triploid……Page 271
Tumor……Page 272
Tumor-Suppressor Genes……Page 273
Type Specimen……Page 274
Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKI)……Page 275
Unsaturated Fatty Acid……Page 276
USPTO……Page 277
Value-Enhanced Grains……Page 278
Virus……Page 279
Volicitin……Page 280
Vomitoxin……Page 281
Weak Interactions……Page 282
Whiskers™……Page 283
WTO……Page 284
Xenotransplant……Page 285
Yeast Episomal Plasmid (YEP)……Page 286
ZKBS ( Central Committee on Biological Safety)……Page 287
Zymogens……Page 288


[PDF] Glossary of Biotechnology Terms, Third Edition – Kimball Nill Table Of Contents

Title:

Glossary of Biotechnology and Agrobiotechnology Terms

Author(s): Kimball R. Nill
Publisher: CRC Press
Year: 2017 Edition: 5th
Language: English Pages: 1084
ISBN: 978-1-4987-5820-8
 Extension: PDF
Size: 4 MB


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